What Really is Vertigo?

Vertigo is the sensation of rotation, rocking, or spinning environment that’s experienced even when someone’s really still. Anyone who has these dizzy spells might be feeling like they’re spinning or the world around them is spinning.

Vertigo causes

Often, vertigo results from an inner ear condition. Some common vertigo causes include:

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, commonly called BPPV, occurs when some calcium particles, or canaliths, accumulate in the inner ear canals. Signals about body and head movements in relation to gravity are sent to the brain by the inner ear. This helps us maintain balance.

BPPV has no known cause but it may be age-related.

Vestibular neuritis/labyrinthitis

This is a problem of the inner ear that’s usually caused by viral infection. The infection causes inner ear inflammation around essential nerves that aid body balance.

Meniere’s disease

This inner ear condition is thought to result from a build up of fluid as well as changes in pressure in the inner ear. It can cause bouts of vertigo along with tinnitus and hearing loss.
Less common triggers for vertigo include migraine headaches, brain problems like tumor or stroke, some medicines that cause ear damage, as well as neck/head injury.

Vertigo symptoms

Vertigo can be described as one symptom, rather than a condition that exhibits signs and symptoms.

People suffering with vertigo normally feel as they’re spinning, tilting, swaying, pulled to a single direction, and unbalanced.

Other symptoms that might occur alongside vertigo include tinnitus, hearing loss, headache, vomiting, sweating, feeling nauseated, and jerking or irregular eye movements.

Symptoms can last a few hours or minutes and may occur and then go away.

Vertigo treatment options

Vertigo treatment depends on what is causing the problem. More often than not, vertigo disappears without any treatment. So, what’s the reason? This is due to the fact that partly to inner ear changes at least, the brain may adapt, relying on other means to balance.

Some people may require treatment, which can include:

Vestibular rehabilitation

This form of physical therapy is meant make your vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system is responsible for transmitting signals to your brain regarding head and body motions relative to gravity.

Medicine

Medicines may sometimes be given to relieve such symptoms as motion sickness and nausea that are elated to vertigo. For vertigo that results from infection or inflammation, some antibiotics and steroids can be prescribed to minimize swelling as well as treat infection. For Meniere’s disease, you may be prescribed diuretics, aka water pills, to ease the pressure resulting from fluid buildup.

Operation

A few cases of vertigo may require surgery. If something serious like a neck or brain injury, or tumor is behind the vertigo problem, treating these conditions can help alleviate the condition.
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